Gastronomic problems and dental

Gastrointestinal issues

including reflux and constipation

‘Down syndrome and the gastrointestinal tract’ -Buie, T M & A Flores Sandoval (1995) in Van Dyke, DC et al (eds)

Marder, Liz (2008) Gastrointestinal problems in children with Down’s syndrome, UK Down’s Syndrome Association 

Leshin, Len (1998, 2003)  Constipation and Down syndrome

Leshin, Len (1997, 2004) Gastroesophageal reflux and Down syndrome 

Bishop, Victor J (2006) Down Syndrome & Hirschsprung Disease

Eating disorders

(dysphagia or "difficulty swallowing") or food aversion

Carolina Pediatric Dysphagia, Education Series - Feeding Difficulties in Children with Down Syndrome

NCBI article - Feeding problems in infancy and early childhood: Identification and management

Oral Motor Development

‘Lively Eaters’ is a private allied health practice which specialises in feeding and eating difficulties in children from birth through the early school years

Medical and surgical care for children with Down syndrome. A guide for parents Topics in Down Syndrome series, Woodbine House, ch 9 pp175-188

Coeliac disease 


Leshin, Len (2004) Celiac disease and Down syndrome

Coeliac Society of Victoria What is coeliac disease?

Dental issues


Nowak, Arthur J (1995) ‘Dental concerns of children with Down syndrome’ in Van Dyke, DC et al (eds) Medical and surgical care for children with Down syndrome. A guide for parents Topics in Down Syndrome series, Woodbine House, ch 12 pp 229-251 

Pilcher, Elizabeth S (1998) ‘Dental care for the patient with Down syndrome Down Syndrome Research and Practice, Vol. 5, No. 3, pp 111-116 Down Syndrome Educational Trust

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