External resources

Please note that whilst this list includes reference to a number of commercially produced resources and software products, these are offered as examples of resources that teachers may find useful. Down Syndrome Victoria does not endorse specific products.

Numeracy


Mackinnon, Cecile (2005) Numeracy and mathematics information sheet Down’s Syndrome Association Education Consortium (UK) 
Covers all the salient point that teachers of maths should be aware of in relation to learners with Down syndrome. 

 Down’s Syndrome Scotland Developing mathematics skills. A booklet about teaching mathematics in the secondary school 
More elaborated version of similar material to the information sheet above, with illustrated examples of strategies.
 Available from Down's Syndrome Scotland

 Bird, Gillian and Sue Buckley (2001) Number skills development for children with Down syndrome (5-11 years) Down syndrome issues and information series, Down Syndrome Education International 
Thorough guidelines to support teaching children with Down syndrome number skills in primary school. Includes lots of practical strategies, actual classroom examples and checklists of skills and mathematical vocabulary. Recommended for teachers and interested parents. 

 Bird, Gillian and Sue Buckley (2002) Number skills development for children with Down syndrome (11-16 years) Down syndrome issues and information series, Down Syndrome Education International 
Thorough guidelines to support teaching children with Down syndrome number skills in secondary school. Includes lots of practical strategies, actual classroom examples and checklists of skills and mathematical vocabulary. Recommended for teachers and interested parents. 

Buckley, Sue (2007) 'Teaching numeracy' Down Syndrome Research and Practice Vol 12 issue 1 pp 11-14 
Research update which appraises what we know about teaching numeracy to students who have Down syndrome and identifies areas requiring further study. Looks at some of the key skills that should be taught and briefly discusses three methodologies that can be used to teach number. This article is the introduction to four articles in the same issue (see below),each of which discusses one or more methodology. 

Clarke Road Money Program, Clarke Road School 
Strategies and materials for teaching money skills to those who have intellectual or learning disabilities. 

 Down Syndrome Association of Queensland ‘Mathematics’ in Where else but here? Including students with Down syndrome in secondary schools pp 115-126 
Lots of classroom tips and suggestions, includes a checklist of skills to assist with planning. Draws heavily on the excellent work of Sue Buckley and Gillian Bird (UK) and Rhonda Faraguer (Australia). 

 Horstmeier, DeAnna (2004) Teaching math to people with Down syndrome and other hands-on learners: Basic survival skills (Book 1) 

 Horstmeier, DeAnna (2008) Teaching math to people with Down syndrome and other hands-on learners: Advanced survival skills (Book 2) 

 Horstmeier, DeAnna Teaching maths activities and games CD-ROM (accompanying material for books 1&2) 

 Munro, John (2000) Practical teaching strategies in numeracy for children with learning difficulties Book 1-5: (1) Prenumber, (2) Numbers to five, (3) Numbers to ten, (4) Numbers to twenty, (5) Numbers to one hundred 

Nye, Joanna (2008) Teaching number skills to children with Down syndrome using the Numicon Foundation Kit, Down Syndrome Education International

Wing, Tony and Romey Tacon (2007) 'Teaching number skills and concepts with Numicon materials' Down Syndrome Research and Practice Vol 12 issue 1 pp 22-26 

Numicon
More information about the use of Numicon to support learners with Down syndrome is available from Down Syndrome Education International 

Horner, Vicki (2007) 'Teaching number skills and concepts with Stern Structural Arithmetic materials' Down Syndrome Research and Practice Vol 12 issue 1 pp 27-31 

Stern Structural Arithmetic

Kumon Method

Haslam, Lynne (2007) 'Sam’s progress with learning mathematics' Down Syndrome Research and Practice Vol 12 issue 1 pp 32-33 

McConnochie, Jan and Greg Sneath (2007) 'Katrina’s progress with learning mathematics' Down Syndrome Research and Practice Vol 12 issue 1 pp 34-37 

TouchMath

Literacy


 Teaching reading to children with Down syndrome Patricia L Oelwein (Woodbine House, 2000) Although quite old now, this book still provides the most comprehensive methodology for both home and school. There is material for all age groups included. 

Literacy skill development for students with special learning needs - a strength-based approach (2007) Leslie Broun and Patricia Oelwein 

Reading - information sheet (2006) Sandy Alton, UK Down's Syndrome Association 

 Reading and writing for individuals with Down syndrome - an overview Sue Buckley (2000) Down Syndrome Education International 
Detailed introduction and review of research in this area - elaborated with practical examples in each of the three age-specific books listed below. 

 Reading and writing development for infants with Down syndrome (0-5 years) Gillian Bird and Sue Buckley (2000) Down Syndrome Education International  

 Reading and writing development for children with Down syndrome (5-11 years) Sue Buckley, Jane Beadman and Gillian Bird (2000) Down Syndrome Education International 

 Reading and writing for teenagers with Down syndrome (11-16 years) 
Gillian Bird and Sue Buckley (2000) Down Syndrome Education International 

 'Developing literacy skills' Unit 5 in Education Support Pack for Schools Down's Syndrome Association (UK) 2002 

The Down Syndrome Research Foundation Canada (DSRF) Reading Video series is aimed at sharing practical teaching strategies and best practice to optimize the learning success of your child or student with Down syndrome.

Support staff


'Using support staff effectively' (2009) Unit 2 in Education Support Pack for Schools: Mainstream primary and secondary UK Down's Syndrome Education Consortium 

'Working with teaching assistants' (2007) Anthony Shaddock et al, Students with disabilities in mainstream classrooms. A resource for teachers Commonwealth of Australia (DEST), Section 2.9. 

'Working with a teacher assistant' and 'Planning with a teacher assistant' in Students with intellectual disabilities. A resource guide for teachers British Columbia Ministry of Education (Canada) 

Ten top tips for classroom aides (2008) Ann Wheeler, Down Syndrome Centre blog (Ireland) 

'Quicktips: Teacher aides' (2003) Where else but here? Including students with Down syndrome in secondary schools: Information for teachers Down Syndrome Association of Queensland 

Michael Giangreco at the University of Vermont is a prominent researcher in this area - go to web link

Handwriting


 Maryanne Bruni (2006) 'Daily living skills: School-related tasks' ch 9 in Fine motor skills for children with Down syndrome - a guide for parents and professionals (second edition) Woodbine House 

Diane Brown Homeschooling a child with Down syndrome: Handwriting resources 

Occupational therapy for kids - handwriting 
"Designed by a school based occupational therapist, this blog provides activities that promote increased handwriting skill and performance." 
The blog includes appraisals of a number of handwriting programs, including: 
Jan Olsen Handwriting without tears program 
Linda C Becht Sensible pencil : a handwriting program 
Bonnie Levine Rubell Big strokes for little folks 
Jan McCleskey First strokes handwriting program 

Speech therapy


*Kumin, Libby (1999) Comprehensive speech and language treatment for infants, toddlers and children with Down syndrome in Down syndrome: a promising future together, Terry J. Hassold and David Patterson (eds), ch VI pp145-153, Wiley-Liss.  Also available here
Discusses some of the considerations for speech and language therapy programs relevant to a child with Down syndrome and gives a brief overview of intervention appropriate to different age groups. (The legislative background refers to the US and is not relevant to Australia.) 

Buckley, Sue and Pat Le Prevost (2002) Speech and language therapy for children with Down syndrome 
Detailed guidelines and advice for speech therapists, including a summary of the specific speech and language needs commonly associated with Down syndrome and recommendations for service provision.